irregular verbs
12 Июл, 2018  Комментариев: 0

Способы изучения неправильных глаголов в английском языке

На сегодняшний день потребность в изучении английского языка крайне высока, т.к. без знаний и умений его использования невозможно обойтись практически ни в одной сфере современной деятельности. Но так ли просто изучить незнакомый язык в кратчайшие сроки? Данная задача выполнима, если отойти от стереотипных способов изучения, которые до сих пор практикуются во многих как государственных, так и частных учебных заведениях.

Одной из самых распространённых проблем при освоении английского является грамматика. Ведь цифра грамматических категорий времени в английском языке существенно превышает количество времён русского, украинского и родственных им языков. Чего стоит только таблица неправильных глаголов, без знания которой вам не удастся построить грамотно ни одного предложения в Past Simple, во всех временах группы Perfect, Passive Voice, Reported speech и прочих. Таблицы неправильных глаголов общедосупны – их можно приобрести уже готовыми или попросту скачать в интернете. Многие учебники уже содержат в себе Lists of Irregular Verbs.

Что представляют собой таблицы неправильных глаголов?

Данные таблицы – это список глаголов, которые в английском языке изменяются не по правилам. Такие глаголы нужно просто знать, т.к. их изменение не подвергается совершенно никакой логике. Таблицы неправильных глаголов, в своём большинстве, разделены на 3 основных столбца:

  • инфинитив (изначальная форма) глагола – Infinitive or base form
  • Прошедшая форма – Past Simple
  • Past Participle (3я форма глагола)

Также, в таких таблицах зачастую добавлен столбец с переводом, и даже транскрипцией глаголов. Транскрипция особенно важна для тех слов, чтение которых может вызвать определённые трудности (к примеру глагол read (infinitive)read (Past Simple) не изменяет написания, но меняет чтение буквосочетания «ea» c [i:] на [e:]).

Конечно, каждый глагол всегда можно подсмотреть в таблице, но всё же лучше знать их наизусть, т.к. в нужный момент (особенно при устном диалоге) таблицы может не оказаться под рукой.

Казалось бы – в таблице огромное количество неправильных глаголов, как же выучить из все наизусть?

Стратегия изучения неправильных глаголов

Абсолютно во всём (изучение языка в данном случае не является исключением) залогом успеха является последовательность и стратегия действий. Грамотный подход обеспечит половину успеха. Второй же половиной однозначно считается ваша целеустремлённость, желание и трудолюбие.

Первым шагом в данном случае должен стать грамотный индивидуально-психологический подход к изучающему. Определите к каком типу восприятия вы относитесь. Напомним, существует 4 типа восприятия: визуальный, слуховой (аудиальный), кинестетический, дигитальный. Если вы не знакомы с такими понятиями, то вам не составит труда отыскать соответствующую информацию в интернете и ознакомиться более детально.

И так, исходя из того, каким образом вам проще запомнить поступающую извне информацию, выбираем методы изучения.

 

Методы и способы запоминания неправильных глаголов с упором на тип восприятия

Слова в таблицах неправильных глаголов разбиты в соответствие с алфавитным порядком.Количество глаголов, которые вы планируете изучить за раз, может быть разделено по алфавиту или в любом удобном и посильном лично вам количестве.
Количество слов выбрано, дальше дело за главным – определением наиболее удобного и результативного способа непосредственно самого изучения.

 

Визуалы:

Людям, у которых преобладает визуальный тип восприятия, в изучении глаголов поможет их наглядность. Можно приобрести или сделать самому различные карточки с глаголами в разных их формах и придумать разнообразные игры, которые способствуют запоминанию (карточки можно перемешивать и собирать в правильном порядке, произнося сами слова; можно нарисовать на них то, что ассоциируется у изучающего с тем или иным глаголом, и тогда запомнить незнакомые слова будет ещё проще; можно раскрасить или распечатать глаголы на карточках в разные цвета и т.д.).

irregular-flash-cards
Вот такие бывают карточки для неправильных глаголов

Ещё одним действенным способом станет просмотр различных видео. Таких видеороликах в интернете огромное количество – остаётся только на ваш вкус и цвет выбрать тот материал, который обеспечит наилучший результат индивидуально для вас.

 

Ещё одним необычным и замечательным способом, помогающим визуалам с лёгкостью запоминать не только неправильные глаголы, но и в целом новые слова – фотографировать их и выставлять в качестве заставки на рабочий стол смартфона или компьютера. Таким образом каждый раз при использовании данных девайсов перед вашими глазами будут всплывать слова, которые необходимо выучить.

 

Аудиалы:

Такие люди обладают хорошей слуховой памятью, а, следовательно, нуждаются в том, чтоб слышать то, что необходимо запомнить.
В массовом доступе существует огромное множество аудиозаписей неправильных глаголов, но записать их можно и самостоятельно. Создаём диктофонную запись с нужным количеством глаголов на смартфоне и прослушиваем её в любое удобное время. Преимуществом такого подхода есть то, что можно с пользой занять время по пути в магазин, на работу, университет и прочие места, которые вы регулярно посещаете.

Глаголы можно просто прочитывать вслух и тогда они запомнятся проще.

Также существуют много стишков от самых простых до более продвинутых. Такие стихотворения созданы на основе неправильных глаголов. Прочитывая их вслух раз за разом, вы приближаете автоматическое запоминание неправильных глаголов.

 

Кинестетики и дигиталы

Те, у кого преобладает кинестетический тип восприятия, испытывают потребность в том, чтоб на ощупь осязать предметы. Т.к. в нашем случае речь о глаголах, которые неосязаемы, то главной целью становится – сделать их материальными. Дигиталам необходима логичность и последовательность. Поэтому смело можно применять общие методы и способы для обучения этих двух типажей.

Здесь на помощь кинестетикам и дигиталам придут те же карточки, на которых могут быть написаны и сами глаголы, и ассоциативные ряды картинок с изображением предметов и действий, привязанных к смыслу самого глагола. Можно также задействовать предметы, которые регулярно попадаются на глаза и связывать их со значением глаголов (к примеру «кроссовки», можно связать с глаголом run – ran – run. Каждый раз, надевая спортивную обувь можно повторять все 3 формы). Точно так же значение слов привязывается к людям (Маша часто задумчива, привязываем к ней глагол think – thought – thought, каждый раз при виде Маши возникает ассоциация и слово быстро запомнится).

Существует огромное количество разных способов, позволяющих структурированно и грамотно подойти к изучению как всего английского в целом, так и отдельных его тем. Здесь всё зависит от способности правильно подойти к обучению и от фантазии и мотивации самого изучающего.

И напоследок, тот самый список (таблица) неправильных глаголов

Infinitive Past Simple Past Participle Перевод
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] be [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] was, were [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] been [/responsivevoice] Быть
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] beat [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] beat [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] beaten [/responsivevoice] Бить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] become [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] became [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] become [/responsivevoice] Становиться
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] begin [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] began [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] begun [/responsivevoice] Начинать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] bleed [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] bled [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] bled [/responsivevoice] Кровоточить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] blow [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] blew [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] blown [/responsivevoice] Дуть
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] break [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] broke [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] broken [/responsivevoice] Ломать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] bring [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] brought [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] brought [/responsivevoice] Приносить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] build [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] built [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] built [/responsivevoice] Строить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] burn [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] burnt [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] burnt [/responsivevoice] Гореть
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] burst [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] burst [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] burst [/responsivevoice] Взрываться
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] buy [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] bought [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] bought [/responsivevoice] Покупать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] catch [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] caught [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] caught [/responsivevoice] Ловить, хватать, успеть
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] choose [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] chose [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] chosen [/responsivevoice] Выбирать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] come [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] came [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] come [/responsivevoice] Приходить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] cost [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] cost [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] cost [/responsivevoice] Стоить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] creep [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] crept [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] crept [/responsivevoice] Ползать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] cut [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] cut [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] cut [/responsivevoice] Резать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] do [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] did [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] done [/responsivevoice] Делать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] draw [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] drew [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] drawn [/responsivevoice] Рисовать, тащить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] dream [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] dreamt [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] dreamt [/responsivevoice] Мечтать, дремать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] drink [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] drank [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] drunk [/responsivevoice] Пить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] drive [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] drove [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] driven [/responsivevoice] Водить (машину)
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] eat [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] ate [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] eaten [/responsivevoice] Есть
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] fall [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] fell [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] fallen [/responsivevoice] Падать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] feed [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] fed [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] fed [/responsivevoice] Кормить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] feel [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] felt [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] felt [/responsivevoice] Чувствовать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] fight [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] fought [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] fought [/responsivevoice] Бороться
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] find [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] found [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] found [/responsivevoice] Находить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] fit [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] fit [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] fit [/responsivevoice] Подходить по размеру
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] fly [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] flew [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] flown [/responsivevoice] Летать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] forget [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] forgot [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] forgotten [/responsivevoice] Забывать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] forgive [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] forgave [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] forgiven [/responsivevoice] Прощать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] freeze [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] froze [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] frozen [/responsivevoice] Замерзать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] get [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] got [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] got [/responsivevoice] Получать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] give [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] gave [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] given [/responsivevoice] Давать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] go [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] went [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] gone [/responsivevoice] Идти
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] grow [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] grew [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] grown [/responsivevoice] Расти
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] hang [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] hung [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] hung [/responsivevoice] Вешать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] have [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] had [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] had [/responsivevoice] Иметь
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] hear [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] heard [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] heard [/responsivevoice] Слышать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] hide [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] hid [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] hidden [/responsivevoice] Прятать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] hit [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] hit [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] hit [/responsivevoice] Попадать в цель
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] hold [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] held [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] held [/responsivevoice] Держать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] hurt [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] hurt [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] hurt [/responsivevoice] Причинить боль
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] keep [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] kept [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] kept [/responsivevoice] Держать (хранить)
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] kneel [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] knelt [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] knelt [/responsivevoice] Стоять на коленях
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] know [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] knew [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] known [/responsivevoice] Знать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] lay [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] laid [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] laid [/responsivevoice] Класть
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] lead [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] led [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] led [/responsivevoice] Вести
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] lean [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] leant [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] leant [/responsivevoice] Наклоняться
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] learn [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] learnt [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] learnt [/responsivevoice] Учить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] leave [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] left [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] left [/responsivevoice] Оставлять
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] lend [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] lent [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] lent [/responsivevoice] Давать взаймы (деньги)
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] let [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] let [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] let [/responsivevoice] Позволять
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] lie [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] lay [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] lain [/responsivevoice] Лежать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] light [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] lit [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] lit [/responsivevoice] Освещать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] lose [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] lost [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] lost [/responsivevoice] Терять
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] make [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] made [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] made [/responsivevoice] Производить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] mean [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] meant [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] meant [/responsivevoice] Значить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] meet [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] met [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] met [/responsivevoice] Встречать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] mistake [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] mistook [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] mistaken [/responsivevoice] Ошибаться
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] pay [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] paid [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] paid [/responsivevoice] Платить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] prove [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] proved [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] proven [/responsivevoice] Доказывать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] put [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] put [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] put [/responsivevoice] Положить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] quit [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] quit [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] quit [/responsivevoice] Покидать (бросать)
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] read [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] read [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] read [/responsivevoice] Читать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] ride [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] rode [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] ridden [/responsivevoice] Ездить верхом
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] ring [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] rang [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] rung [/responsivevoice] Звенеть
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] rise [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] rose [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] risen [/responsivevoice] Подниматься
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] run [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] ran [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] run [/responsivevoice] Бежать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] say [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] said [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] said [/responsivevoice] Говорить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] see [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] saw [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] seen [/responsivevoice] Видеть
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] seek [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sought [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sought [/responsivevoice] Искать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sell [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sold [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sold [/responsivevoice] Продавать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] send [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sent [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sent [/responsivevoice] Посылать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] set [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] set [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] set [/responsivevoice] Ставить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sew [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sewed [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sewn [/responsivevoice] Шить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] shake [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] shook [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] shaken [/responsivevoice] Встряхивать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] show [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] showed [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] shown [/responsivevoice] Показывать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] shrink [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] shrank [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] shrunk [/responsivevoice] Сжиматься
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] shut [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] shut [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] shut [/responsivevoice] Закрывать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sing [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sang [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sung [/responsivevoice] Петь
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sink [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sank [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sunk [/responsivevoice] Тонуть
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sit [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sat [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sat [/responsivevoice] Сидеть
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sleep [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] slept [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] slept [/responsivevoice] Спать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] slide [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] slid [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] slid [/responsivevoice] Скользить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sow [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sowed [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sown [/responsivevoice] Сеять
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] speak [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spoke [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spoken [/responsivevoice] Говорить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spell [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spelt [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spelt [/responsivevoice] Произносить по буквам
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spend [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spent [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spent [/responsivevoice] Тратить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spill [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spilt [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spilt [/responsivevoice] Проливать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spoil [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spoilt [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spoilt [/responsivevoice] Портить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spread [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spread [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spread [/responsivevoice] Расстилать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] spring [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sprang [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sprung [/responsivevoice] Прыгать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] stand [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] stood [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] stood [/responsivevoice] Стоять
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] steal [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] stole [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] stolen [/responsivevoice] Красть
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] stick [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] stuck [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] stuck [/responsivevoice] Колоть
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sting [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] stung [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] stung [/responsivevoice] Жалить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] sweep [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] swept [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] swept [/responsivevoice] Выметать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] swell [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] swelled [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] swollen [/responsivevoice] Разбухать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] swim [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] swam [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] swum [/responsivevoice] Плавать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] swing [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] swung [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] swung [/responsivevoice] Качать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] take [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] took [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] taken [/responsivevoice] Брать, взять
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] teach [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] taught [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] taught [/responsivevoice] Учить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] tear [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] tore [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] torn [/responsivevoice] Рвать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] tell [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] told [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] told [/responsivevoice] Рассказывать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] think [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] thought [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] thought [/responsivevoice] Думать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] throw [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] threw [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] thrown [/responsivevoice] Бросать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] understand [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] understood [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] understood [/responsivevoice] Понимать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] wake [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] woke [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] woken [/responsivevoice] Просыпаться
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] wear [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] wore [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] worn [/responsivevoice] Носить (одежду)
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] weep [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] wept [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] wept [/responsivevoice] Плакать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] wet [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] wet [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] wet [/responsivevoice] Мочить
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] win [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] won [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] won [/responsivevoice] Выигрывать
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] wind [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] wound [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] wound [/responsivevoice] Извиваться
[responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] write [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] wrote [/responsivevoice] [responsivevoice voice=”UK English Female” buttontext=””] written [/responsivevoice] Писать

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